California Militia and National
Guard Unit Histories
1st Evacuation Regiment
(California State Guard)
Woodies going to War! An
inspection of the 1st Evacuation Regiment, February 1942
Also known as the 1st Evacuation Corps, the "Station Wagon
Brigade" was formed in response to the fears that the anticipated
Japanese invasion would require a massive evacuation of Southern
California. Sort of like the taxicab army of the
First World War, it was planned to organize and use civilian
station wagons to evacuate families and individuals without personal
transportation. In February 1942, the regiment conducted a major
training exercise when it convoyed from its home station to a
movie set located in Calabasas. The set portrayed "Fort
Abraham Lincoln", in the Errol Flynn movie, They Died
With Their Boots On.
Many Hollywood actors and muscians were among the Regiments
Rudie Vallee, band leader and singer.
Ceasar Romero, the Joker in the original
Batman TV series.
Cliff Arquette, who made appearances on
Jack Paar's Tonight Show as Charlie Weaver.
Lewis Stone, then appearing as Judge Hardy
in the Andy Hardy films, was their commander with the rank of
Lieutenant Colonel. Lt. Col. Stone was a veteran of both the
Spanish American War and World War I.
The regiment was mustered out of service as a State Guard unit
on 27 March 1942 in accordance with General Orders Number 20,
California Adjutant General's Office. However it was immediately
reestablished as a licensed militia company in the California
State Militia with the Adjutant General issueing a license on
16 May 1942. The regiment continued to serve until Governor Earl
Warren's reorganization of the State Guard and the deactivation
of the State Militia. The regiment had it's license revoked and
was officially disbanded 31 July 1943 in accordance with Adjutant
General's Office General Orders No. 202.
Officers of the regiment wore the insignia
of World War I Motor Transport Corps as a branch insignia.