California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Alleghany Guard
Military Unit Designation: Alleghany Guard, Company D, 3rd Infantry Battalion, 4th Brigade, California Militia [1]
Date of Organization: 29 August 1863
Date of Disbanding: August 16, 1866
Inclusive dates of units papers at State Archives: 1863-1866
Geographical Location or Locations: Alleghany, Sierra County
Unit Papers on file at the California State Archives, Sacramento:
a. Organization Papers 1 document (1863)
b. Bonds 1 document (1864)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 4 documents (1864)
d. Election Returns 1 document (1865)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 4 documents (1864-1866)
Muster Roll Information
g. Oaths Qualifications 4 documents (1863-1865)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 1 document (1864)
j. Requisitions 2 documents (1864)
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
Commanding Officers

James V. MqCormick, Captain: Elected 29 August 1863, commissioned 31 October 1863, reelected 28 January 1865
Martin V. Glute, First Lieutenant: Elected 29 August 1863, commissioned 31 October 1863, reelected 28 January 1865

Official History:

Alleghany, Sierra County, is a settlement situated in territory where much mining has been done . In Apr-il 1853 a tunnel for mining was built call:ed the Alleghany Tunnel, and the settlement that sprang up around it carried the same name, and the first Post Office was established in December 1857. In the summer of 1863 the first "pay strike" in the Union Quartz Mine was organized when :fop.r rrien took out $11 ,600 in six days.[2]

The town received new vitality with the increased population due to the new nstrike," necessitating activities for the men during their hours of rest and relaxation. Agitation was started for a militia company to be located in Alleghany, not alone for the idea of readiness for military service for the community, but to provide the men with an activity that would give them companionship with their fellow workers . S. B. Davidson, County Judge of Sierra County, appointed John H. Clute as Inspector and authorized him to enroll names for a volunteer organization. Judge Davidson called a meeting to be held in the Post Office on Saturday evening at seven o'clock P. M. August 29, 1863, for the election and discussion of routine business. The officers elected at this meeting were : James V. McCormick, Captain; and Martin V. Clute, First Lieutenant. Both of these officers were re-elected on January 28, 1865.

Captain McCormick went under Bond May 3, 1864, for the sum of $3,000 to guarantee the requisition for Ordnance Stores. The forty stand of arms were issued on October eleventh of that year. On December fifteenth another Bond was requisitioned for t he sum of $1,470 which was taken out for the uniforms.

Major W. L. Day of the Third Infantry Battalion, Fourth Brigade, requisitioned Adjutant-General Kibbe , September 7, 1864, for camp equipage for the Encampment to be held at Downieville. The companies of the Sierra Battalion would furnish their own transportation and subsistence, but requested of the State the necessary camp and garrison equipment. Three companies, the National Guard of Downieville, Forest Rifles of Forest City and Minnesota Guard of Minnesota City, were to attend the Encampment, but the Alleghany Guard of Alleghany was not armed in time so as to enable them to participate.

Although there are no records indicating the activities of this company, it is assumed that:intheir short span of life they were in all probability active in their regular routine drills, Ps they were well equipped with arms and accoutrements when mustered out of service.

The transient population of the interfor mining towns made it difficult for the militia to maintain the quota required by law. Therefore, the Alleghany Guard, Company D, was mustered out August 16, 1866, under the Military Law of t hat year, which called for a reduction of the militia force, and the State was reimbursed to the amount of $127.29 for unaccounted supplies.

1. Listed in the Military Roster of the Adjutant General Report 1863, page 111, as Infantry Company, unattached.
2. History of Sierra, Plumas and Lassen Counties, California, Fariss and Smith, 1882, pages 473 and 475 .
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