California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Amador Mountaineers
(Company C, 1st Regiment of Infantry, California Volunteers)
National Color of the Amador Mountaineers (later Company C, 1st Infantry Regiment, California Volunteers), Part of the California State Military Museum Collection (Artifact 2008.35.80)

Organizational Data
Official Name: Amador Mountaineers, 4th Brigade, California Militia
Location: Jackson, Amador County
Mustered in: July 12, 1861
Mustered out: August 16, 1861
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1861
Geographical Location or Locations: Jackson, Amador County
Records Series Descriptions:

a. Organization Papers 4 documents (1861)
b. Bonds none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 1 document (1861)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns none
g. Oaths Qualifications 2 documents (1861)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices none
j. Requisitions 1 document (1861)
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none


Commanding Officers

 Name  Date of Rank  Date of Commission
William McMullin, Captain
July 12, 1861
 July 24, 1861
D.B. Haskell, First Lieutenant July 12, 1861  July 24, 1861



With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, many volunteer militia companies were formed throughout California, with the hope of being able to participate in active service. This was the intention of a group of citizens in Jackson, Amador County, when on July 2, 1861, they appeared before County Judge Marion Gordon, and made due application for, the appointment of a suitable person to open a book to receive the names of men wishing to form a volunteer military company. Judge Gordon appointed William McMullin to superintend the meeting and on July 12, 1861, the company known as the Amador Mountaineers was mustered into-the State Service under the leadership of captain McMullin.

The Amador Mountaineers offered their services to Governor Downey, and were accepted.* On August 16 1861, they entered the service of the United States Army as Company C, First Infantry Regiment of the California Volunteers.** The First Infantry Regiment adopted as their banner a flag designed from the National Emblem. It contained thirteen broad red and white stripes and in the upper corner near the staff was a field of blue with thirty-four gold stars. In the center of the Flag, sewed to a red stripe were the words in gold letters, "First Infantry Regiment, California Volunteers. ***

This Regiment of which the Amador Mountaineers was a part, was mustered into service at Camp Downey, near Oakland, California, in July 1861., and served under the following commanders, Colonels James H. Carleton, Joseph R. West and Edwin A. Rigg. It formed part of the California column, which marched into New Mexico and Texas and took part in several engagements with the Confederates in those States,, and participated in several expeditions against the Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians. In all these engagements the regiment was successful. The regiment was mustered out of service at Fort Craig, New Mexico in August 1864. Those men whose time had not expired were transferred to the First Veteran Infantry.*


*For further information refer to California Volunteers and the Civil War, Company C, First Infantry Regiment.
**Adjutant General Report 1361, page 109.
***Flag stored at the California State Archives
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Updated 23 June 2017