California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Baker Guard
Military Unit Designation: Baker Guard, Company H, 4th Infantry Regiment, 4th Brigade, California Militia.
Date of Organization: 15 September 1863
Date of Disbanding: 25 June 1866
Inclusive dates of units papers at State Archives: 1863-1866
Geographical Location or Locations: Sacramento, Sacramento County
Unit Papers on file at the California State Archives, Sacramento:

a. Organization Papers none
b. Bonds 1 document (1864)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 5 documents (1863-1864)
d. Election Returns 4 documents (1864-1865)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 8 documents (1863-1866)
g. Oaths Qualifications 7 documents (1863-1865)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 4 documents (1863-1866)
j. Requisitions 2 documents (1863-1865)
k. Resignations 3 documents (1864-1865)
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none

Commanding Officers:

W. T. Crowell, Captain: Elected September 15, 1863; commissioned September 18, 1863; reelected September 2, 1864; reelected September 1, 1865.
James H. Clunie, First Lieutenant: Elected September 15, 1863; commissioned September 18, 1863. resigned February 2, 1864.
D. K. Zumwalt, First Lieutenant: Elected February 14, 1864; commissioned March 1 1864.
George W. Bruff, First Lieutenant: September 2, 1864; commissioned September 20,
H. S. Turton, First Lieutenant: Elected September 1, 1865; commissioned December 8, 1865.
Official History:

The Baker Guard, Company H was organized in Sacramento under the Military Laws of the state on the fifteenth of September 1863, and mustered in as a unit of the State Militia on the same date with a membership of twenty-four, and in less than a year was recruited up to forty-nine men. Under command of Captain Crowell the unit was speedily uniformed and equipped and devoted much time and energy to drill and target practice. The Baker Guard was soon recognized as one of the best disciplined as well as one of the finest appearing companies in the State Militia. However, they were never called upon for active service as a law enforcement agency. Despite this and the fact that after the conclusion of the Civil War there was a marked lack of interest in Military Affairs, the number of enrolled members of this company did not materially decrease as the Muster Roll of June 1, 1866, showed fifty-one names. However, under the Law of 1866 pursuant to which the military force of the State was reorganized as the National Guard of California and the number of units throughout the State was materially reduced this organization was disbanded and the Baker Guard was mustered out of the service of the State on
June 25, 1866.[1]

It is probable that the members of the Baker Guard reentered the service under the new National Guard Law as a notation appears in the Historical Record of the Fourth Brigade to the effect that the company consolidated with the National Guard, but no mention is made of a consolidation with any other company. [2]

1. Adjutant General Report 1865-1867, page 92.
2. Historical Record Fourth Brigade 1864-1867, page 29. Adjutant General's Office.
Search our Site!
Search the Web Search California Military History Online
View My Stats
Visitors since 8 December 1998
Questions and comments concerning this site should be directed to the Webmaster
Updated 23 June 2017