California Naval History
The California Naval Militia in World War I
 
The California Naval Militia was first called into the service of the United States on April 6, 1917. The staff officers of the Headquarters, California Naval Militia, were mobilized aboard the ships USS OREGON, USS SAN DIEGO, and the USS HUNTINGTON, then at Mare Island, California, and on May 3 1917, said officers, (excepting Captain George W. Bauer, N.M.C.) were mustered into Federal Service as members of the National Naval Volunteers.

The National Naval Volunteers being part of the United States Navy, the men were assigned to various duties aboard ships and ashore, and the former members of the California Naval Militia saw service in all parts of the world.

The officers were assigned to various ships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, which was then under orders to proceed to the Atlantic Coast.

Because of defective eyesight, Captain Bauer was disqualified from active service. The State of California, however, permitted Captain Bauer to remain in charge of affairs of the California Naval Militia during the war, and he was assigned to the Twelfth Naval District for duty.

The California Naval Militia lost its identity immediately after being mustered into Federal Service until January of 1919 when the Secretary of the Navy issued orders discharging the members of the National Naval Volunteers from Federal Service.

The following indicates where each unit of the California Naval Militia was assigned.


First Battalion, California Naval Militia
San Francisco, California
Commander G. E. Kammerer, N.M.C., Commanding
 
The First Battalion, comprising the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, and First Engineer Divisions, California Naval Militia, was called into United States Service on April 6, 1917. The Organization mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.
On May 3, 1917, the First Battalion was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
First Division, California Naval Militia
San Francisco, California
 
The First Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant J. A. Ducray, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On May 3, 1917, the First Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Second Division, California Naval Militia
San Francisco, California
 
The Second Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant Thomas S. Harloe, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On May 3, 1917, the Second Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Fourth Division, California Naval Militia
Santa Cruz, California
 
The Fourth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant J. H. Willey, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 29, 1917, Lieutenant Willey was attached to the USS SOUTH DAKOTA for duty. On May 3, 1917, the Fourth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Fifth Division, California Naval Militia
Eureka, California
 
The Fifth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant A. B. Adams, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 21, 1917, Lieutenant Adams was attached to the USS SAN DIEGO for duty. On May 3, 1917, the Fifth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
First Engineer Division, California Naval Militia
San Francisco California
 
The First Engineer Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant H. A. Leopold, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 28, 1917, Lieutenant Leopold was assigned to the USS OREGON for duty. On May 3, 1917, the Fifth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Second Battalion, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
Commander A. H. Woodbine, N.M.C., Commanding
 
The Second Battalion, comprising the Third, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, and Second Engineer Divisions, the Aeronautic Section, Medical Division, and the Marine Company, California Naval Militia, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Organization was mobilized on board the USS HUNTINGTON at Mare Island, California.

On April 11, 1917, Commander Woodbine was transferred to the USS OREGON for duty, and on April 14th, was again transferred to the USS Huntington.

On May 3, 1917, the Second Battalion was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Third Division, California Naval Militia
San Diego, California
 
The Second Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant D. A. Loebenstein, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917.
The Division was mobilized on board the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California, and mustered into Federal Service on May 3, 1917, as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Sixth Division, California Naval Militia
Santa Barbara, California
 
The Sixth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant F. H. Kimball, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS SAN DIEGO at Mare Island, California.

The Sixth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers on May 3, 1917, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.
 
Seventh Division, California Naval Militia
Santa Barbara, California
 
The Seventh Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant R. W. Clark, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Unit was mobilized aboard the USS HUNTINGTON at Mare Island, California.

On April 19, 1917, Lieutenant Clark was transferred to the USS ST. LOUIS for duty. The Seventh Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers on May 3, 1917, the officers and men transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Eighth Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Eighth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant George E. Link, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 19, 1917, Lieutenant Link was transferred to the USS ST. LOUIS for duty.
On May 3, 1917, the Eighth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men were transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Ninth Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Ninth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant Frank R. Seaver, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917, and was mobilized aboard the USS SAN DIEGO at Mare Island, California.

On April 20, 1917, Lieutenant Seaver was transferred to the USS PUEBLO for duty.
On May 3, 1917, the Ninth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men of the Division were transferred to various vessels of the Pacific Fleet.

Tenth Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Tenth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant Robert H. Baker, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Tenth Division was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 20, 1917, Lieutenant Baker was transferred to the USS FREDERICK for duty.

On May 3, 1917, the Tenth Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men were transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Eleventh Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Eleventh Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant J. L. Armstrong, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The Division was mobilized aboard the USS SAN DIEGO at Mare Island, California.

On April 7, 1917, Lieutenant Armstrong was transferred to the USS OREGON for duty, and on April 19, 1917, to the USS ST. LOUIS.

On May 3, 1917, the Eleventh Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men were transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Second Engineer Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Second Engineer Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant R. W. Silent, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917, and was mobilized on board the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On April 11, 1917, Lieutenant R. W. Silent was attached to the USS OREGON for duty, and on April 29, 1917, he was transferred to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet for duty.

On May 3, 1917, the Second Engineer Division was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men were transferred to various ships of the Pacific Fleet.

Aeronautic Section, Ninth Division, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Aeronautic Section, Ninth Division, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant Frank Simpson, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917.

Half of the Company was mobilized aboard the USS HUNTINGTON at Mare Island, California, while the other half, under command of Lieutenant Simpson was mobilized at the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida.

On May 3, 1917, the Unit was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers. The officers and men were transferred to various naval air stations throughout the United States.

Medical Department, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Medical Department, California Naval Militia, Lieutenant Commander T. B. W. Leland, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into United States Service April 6, 1917. The organization was mobilized aboard the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California, and on April 20, 1917, Lieutenant Commander Leland was transferred to the USS OREGON for duty.

On May 3, 1917, the members of the Medical Department was mustered into Federal Service as National Naval Volunteers.

Marine Company, California Naval Militia
Los Angeles, California
 
The Marine Company, California Naval Militia, Captain Newton Best, N.M.C., Commanding, was called into the service of the United States on April 6, 1917, and was mobilized on board the USS OREGON at Mare Island, California.

On May 1, 1917, the Company was mustered into Federal Service and redesignated the Thirty-sixth Company, National Naval Volunteers, Marine Corps Branch. The officers and men were assigned to various duties aboard ships and ashore.

References:
Adjutant General Report, 1914-1920, p. 29
Vallejo Evening News, May 3, 1917, p. 1, col. 5
 
 
 
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Updated 8 February 2016