California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
California Tigers
Military Unit Designation: California Tigers, Company D, 2nd Infantry Battalion, 2nd Brigade, California Militia. After 1866, California Tigers, Company H, 1st Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, National Guard of California.
Date of Organization: 2 June 1865
Date of Disbanding: 21 July 1869
Inclusive dates of units papers at State Archives: 1865-1869
Geographical Location or Locations: San Francisco, San Francisco County
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers 1 document (1866)
b. Bonds 1 document (1866)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 4 documents (1865-1867)
d. Election Returns 4 documents (1866-1868)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 15 documents (1865-1869)
g. Oaths Qualifications 11 documents (1865-1868)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 4 documents (1865-1869)
j. Requisitions 1 document (1866)
k. Resignations 1 document (1868)
l. Target Practice Reports 1 document (1867)
m. Other Public Property, 2 documents (1867-1868)

Commanding Officers

Edward McDevitt, Captain: Elected 2 June 1865, commissioned 30 June 1865, reelected 21 August 1866
Charles Broad, First Lieutenant: Elected 2 June 1865, commissioned 30 June 1865
J. D. Tracy, First Lieutenant: Elected 21 August 1866, commissioned 23 August 1866, resigned 18 April 1868.
Eugene C. Gorman, First Lieutenant: Elected 18 April 1868, commissioned 7 May 1868.

Eugene C. Gorman, Captain: Elected 23 October 1868, commissioned 23 November 1868.
John Trainor, First Lieutenant: Elected 23 October 1868, commissioned 23 November 1868.
Official History:

On June 2, 1865, in San Francisco a volunteer military company known as the California Tigers, Company D, was organized and sworn into the State service as part of the Second (Irish) Infantry Regiment, Second Brigade. This company was composed of 54 members under the leadership of Captain Edward McDevitt.

In 1866, it was decided to reduce the militia companies to eighty in all and form the National Guard of California. A Board of Location and Organization was established having the power to reorganize or disband units with reference to the military needs.[1] The California Tigers was one of the companies to be reorganized on August 21, 1866. It became the California Tigers, Company H, and transferred to the First Infantry Regiment of the Second Brigade.

This company refused to parade with the command on July 5, 1869, at a place designated by orders from Brigade Headquarters. The charges of mutinous, disorderly, and disobedient conduct, and noncompliance with the law governing the National Guard was brought against them.[2] On July 21, 1869, the California Tigers were dishonorably mustered out of State service.

1. California Statutes 1865-1866, Chapter DXLI, page 722.
2. Adjutant General Report 1867-1868, page 180.
This history was completed in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the California National Guard and the California State Library.
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Updated 23 June 2017