California Militia and National
Guard Unit Histories
Military Unit Designation: California Tigers, Company D,
2nd Infantry Battalion, 2nd Brigade, California Militia. After
1866, California Tigers, Company H, 1st Infantry Regiment, 2nd
Brigade, National Guard of California. Date of Organization: 2 June 1865 Date of Disbanding: 21 July 1869 Inclusive dates of units papers at State Archives: 1865-1869 Geographical Location or Locations: San Francisco, San
Unit papers on file
at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers
1 document (1866)
b. Bonds 1 document (1866)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 4 documents (1865-1867)
d. Election Returns 4 documents (1866-1868)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 15 documents (1865-1869)
g. Oaths Qualifications 11 documents (1865-1868)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 4 documents (1865-1869)
j. Requisitions 1 document (1866)
k. Resignations 1 document (1868)
l. Target Practice Reports 1 document (1867)
m. Other Public Property, 2 documents (1867-1868)
Edward McDevitt, Captain: Elected 2 June 1865, commissioned 30
June 1865, reelected 21 August 1866
Charles Broad, First Lieutenant: Elected 2 June 1865, commissioned
30 June 1865
J. D. Tracy, First Lieutenant:
Elected 21 August 1866, commissioned 23 August 1866, resigned
18 April 1868.
Eugene C. Gorman, First
Lieutenant: Elected 18 April 1868, commissioned 7 May 1868.
Eugene C. Gorman, Captain: Elected 23 October 1868, commissioned
23 November 1868.
John Trainor, First Lieutenant: Elected 23 October 1868, commissioned
23 November 1868.
On June 2, 1865, in San Francisco a volunteer military company
known as the California Tigers, Company D, was organized and
sworn into the State service as part of the Second (Irish) Infantry
Regiment, Second Brigade. This company was composed of 54 members
under the leadership of Captain Edward McDevitt.
In 1866, it was decided to reduce the militia companies to eighty
in all and form the National Guard of California. A Board of
Location and Organization was established having the power to
reorganize or disband units with reference to the military needs.
The California Tigers was one of the companies to be reorganized
on August 21, 1866. It became the California Tigers, Company
H, and transferred to the First Infantry Regiment of the Second
This company refused to parade with the command on July 5, 1869,
at a place designated by orders from Brigade Headquarters. The
charges of mutinous, disorderly, and disobedient conduct, and
noncompliance with the law governing the National Guard was brought
against them. On July 21, 1869, the California Tigers were
dishonorably mustered out of State service.
1. California Statutes 1865-1866, Chapter DXLI, page 722.
2. Adjutant General Report 1867-1868, page 180.
This history was completed
in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction
with the California National Guard and the California State Library.
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