Historic California Militia and National Guard Units
Eureka Rifles
Military Unit Designation: Eureka Rifles, 6th Brigade, California Militia
Date of Organization: June 26, 1862
Date of Disbanding: July 6, 1864
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1862-1864
Geographical Location or Locations: Eureka, Humboldt County.

Unit papers on files at the California State Library:
a. Organization Papers: 2 documents (1862)
b. Bonds: none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters): 14 documents (1862-1864)
d. Election Returns: 1 document (1863)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for: none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns: 5 documents (1862-1863)
g. Oaths Qualifications: 8 documents (1862-1864)
h. Orders: none
i. Receipts, invoices: none
j. Requisitions: 4 documents (1862)
k. Resignations: none
l. Target Practice Reports: none
m. Other: none

Commanding Officers

 Name  Date of Rank  Date of Commission
Charles W. Long, Captain  26 June 1862 18 July 1862
 George W. , First Lieutenant  26 June 1862 18 July 1862
 Amos Hansell, Captain  1 July 1863 19 August 1863
 James C. Parker, First Lieutenant  1 July 1863 19 August 1863
Official History

For a number of years, the district lying between the border of Humboldt and Trinity Counties had been infested by hostile bands of Indians who had manifested their hostility by repeated outrages against the lives. and property of the citizens of those counties. The regular United States military authorities had been appealed to for aid, but they failed to afford any efficient assistance. The citizens, therefore, appealed to the Governor of the State to organize volunteer military companies under the command of competent officers, for the purpose of subduing these Indians, and affording protection to the citizens of Humboldt County.

The Eureka Rifles, under the command of Captain Charles Long, was one of the many companies organized in Humboldt County to check the Indian depredations. This company was composed of forty well trained men, and although there was only a meager source of information concerning their activities, it is assumed that the Eureka Rifles during their existence aided materially to bring peace to Humboldt County.

Upon the recommendation of Adjutant General George S. Evans, the Eureka Rifles were mustered out of the service of the State of California July 6, 1864.
This history was completed in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the California National Guard and the California State Library.
Muster Roll Information: http://calindianhistory.org/DocsMilitia/Humboldt/HUM_03%20Eureka%20Rifles_10_22_10.pdf
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Updated 8 February 2016