California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
National Guard
(San Jose)

Official or Other Titles:
National Guard, 1st Battalion, 2nd Brigade, California Militia
Location: San Jose, Santa Clara County
Mustered in: April 13, 1857
Mustered out: 1861
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1857-1861

Papers on file with the California State Archives

a. Organization Papers 1 document (1857)
b. Bonds 1 document (1857)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 5 documents (1857-1861)
d. Election Returns none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 1 document (1857)
g. Oaths Qualifications none
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 2 documents (1857)
j. Requisitions 2 documents (1857)
k. Resignations none
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none
8. Miscellaneous:
Commanding Officers
S. 0. Houghton, Captain, Commissioned May 1859
J. B. Hewson, First Lieutenant, Commissioned May 1859

Official History:

On April 13, 1857, in San Jose, Santa Clara County, a volunteer militia company was organized and sworn into the service of the State. This company was known as the National Guard, and with the posting of a $2,500 penal bond, the unit received their arms and accoutrements and became one of the well equipped military organizations of the State

There was only a meager source, of information concerning this company's activities, and it was not until 1859, that the commission date of; the company officers appeared on record.

With the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion in 1861, a great many members joined the regular United States Army or the California Volunteers. Because of this fact, the National Guard was not able to keep its membership up to the minimum standard required by the Military Law of 1850, and the company disbanded during the latter part of the year 1861. It was succeded by the Union Guard.


This history was written in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the office of the Adjutant General and the California State Library
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Updated 8 February 2016