Historic California Posts, Camps, Stations and Airfields
Naval Hospital, San Diego: Units 2 (Balboa Park Annex/Camp Kidd), 4 (Contagin and Rehabilitation Units) and 5 (Baggage Center)
(Naval Training Camp)
Naval Hospital Corps School, Naval Station San Diego Unit 2 (Balboa Park Annex/Camp Kidd) circa December 1944
US Army Corps of Engineers Los Angeles District History (2004)

Site Name: Naval Hospital Units 2, 4, & 5; Unit 2 was also known as the Balboa Park Annex during World War II and as the Naval Training Camp during World I; Unit 4 was also known as the Contagion Unit and the Rehabilitation Unit; and Unit 5 was also known as the Baggage Center.

Location: The Naval Hospital Units 2, 4, & 5 sites are located in three separate areas in Balboa Park, San Diego, California. Unit 2 occupied buildings in the Prado area of the park. Unit 4 was
located in the southwest part of the park. Unit 5 was located in the northwest part of the park.

Site History: Museum and exhibition buildings in the Prado area of Balboa Park were first occupied from 1914 to 1917 by the U.S. Marines' Second Battalion of the Fourth Regiment along with a field hospital manned by Naval personnel, and again during World War I from 1917 to 1919 for the so-called Naval Training Camp. All of these uses are expected to have been primarily medical functions.

Shortly after 7 December 1941, following entry of the U.S. into World War II, the Navy took over from the city 33.0 acres and 29 exhibition buildings in the Prado area for Naval Hospital Unit 2. The Navy used park buildings in Unit 2 as hospital wards, nurses dormitories, and administrative offices. Establishment dates for Naval Hospital Units 4 & 5 are not known but are expected to have
been in 1944.
Unit 4 was 7.8 acres in size and occupied 27 to 30 buildings (primarily barracks) that were used in the earlier stages of World War II by Army enlisted men and Women's Army Corps (WAC)
personnel. In 1944 these barracks were remodeled for use as the Navy's Contagion Unit, also known as the Rehabilitation Unit. Unit 5 was 2.6 acres in size and occupied 9 buildings which were also formerly used by the Army.
Six of the Unit 5 buildings were used as baggage rooms; the other three were used for maintenance and hospital corps quarters. The Navy is known to have occupied certain buildings of Units 2, 4, and 5 under lease from existing tenants. Most Balboa Park properties used by the Navy were returned to the City of San Diego on 1 October 1946. The Navy continued to occupy at least some Unit 2 buildings until 1948.
Many of the buildings of Unit 2 still exist and are used for museum and park facilities. Buildings associated with Units 4 and 5 have all been removed and these areas are now covered with grass and trees.
Additional Histories
The Naval Hospital and Balboa Park
Site Map, Naval Hospital, San Diego

Search our Site!
Search the Web Search California Military History Online
Questions and comments concerning this site should be directed to the Webmaster
Updated 8 February 2016