Historic California Militia and National Guard Units
Sigel Guard
Military Unit Designation: Sigel Guard, Company B, 3rd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade, California Militia
Date of Organization:
April 28, 1862
Date of Disbanding:
August 16, 1866
Inclusive dates of units papers:
Geographical Location or Locations:
Sonora, Tuolumne County

Records Series Descriptions:

a. Organization Papers 2 documents (1862)
b. Bonds 1 document (1864)
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters) 23 documents (1862-1864)
d. Election Returns 6 documents (1862-1865)
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns 6 documents (1863-1866)
g. Oaths Qualifications 5 documents (1862-1863)
h. Orders none
i. Receipts, invoices 14 documents (1862-1863)
j. Requisitions 2 documents (1862)
k. Resignations 2 documents (1863-1864)
l. Target Practice Reports none
m. Other none

Commanding Officers

 Name  Date of Rank Date of Commission Remarks
 H. K. White, Captain   May 1862
 S. D. Blaisdale, First Lieutenant   May 1862
 S. B. Blaisdale, Captain  12 May 1862 18 November 1862
 W. W. Traylor, First Lieutenant  12 May 1862 18 November 1862
 W. W. Traylor, Captain 4 April 1863 14 April 1863  
 W. S. Cooper, First Lieutenant 4 April 1863 14 April 1863 Resigned 16 August 1863 
 Frank York, First Lieutenant  29 August 1863 8 September 1863  
 S. B. Blaisdale, Captain     Reelected 21 May 1864
 George Holt, First Lieutenant  21 May 1864 7 June 1864   
 George Holt, Captain    7 June 1865  
 William G. Long    7 June 1865  

In April 1862 County Judge G. T. Marin, of Sonora, Tuolumne County, requested Charles Radcliff to preside over a meeting to form a volunteer military company, known as Sigel Guard, . Company B. With the minutes of the meeting duly recorded on April 28th that year and with H. K. White as Captain, the Sigel Guard became part of California's militia force. The Sigel Guard was located in Sonora, which was a stronghold of the Democratic Party, whose sympathies were with the South during the War of the Rebellion. While a few miles away in the town of Columbia, was the Republican element favoring the North. Encounters both physical and verbal were a common occurrence between citizens of the two towns. This company true to their oath of allegiance to the State of California, often found themselves in the unique position of having to quell any riotous display by the Secessionists with whom they sympathized.

Captain Blaisdell, who had succeeded Captain White, resigned his command in april 1863, to enlist in the regular United States Army. Many members of the company tried to do likewise, but were told that their services were needed more in California to maintain law and order among the Northern and Southern factions. With the close of the Civil War in 1865, the need for the Sigel Guard diminished. In a letter to the Adjutant General, the members requested that the unit be mustered out of service. This request was complied with August 16, 1866.
This history was completed in 1940 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the California National Guard and the California State Library.
Colonel Franz Sigel
Franz Sigel (November 18, 1824 – August 21, 1902) was a German military officer, revolutionist and immigrant to the United States who was a teacher, newspaperman, politician, and served as a Union major general in the American Civil War.


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Updated 8 February 2016