California Militia and National Guard Unit Histories
Union Guard

Official Name: Union Guard, 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, California Militia
Location: Weaverville, Trinity County
Mustered in: June 14, 1861
Mustered out: July 26, 1862
Inclusive dates of units papers: 1861-1862
Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:
a. Organization Papers: 2 documents (1861)
b. Bonds: none
c. Correspondence (Unclassified letters): 19 documents (1861-1862)
d. Election Returns: none
e. Exempt Certificates, Applications for: none
f. Muster Rolls, Monthly returns: 1 document (1862)
g. Oaths Qualifications: 4 documents (1861)
h. Orders: none
i. Receipts, invoices: none
j. Requisitions: 1 document (1861)
k. Resignations: none
l. Target Practice Reports: none
m. Other: none

Commanding Officers

 Name  Date of Rank  Date of Commission
C. B. Crowninshield, Captain June 14, 1861  June 27, 1861
E. B. Blake, First Lieutenant  June 14, 1861  June 27, 1861


E. J. Curtis, County Judge of Trinity County, appointed Jeremiah Bennett as Inspector of a meeting being held in Weaverville, for the purpose of organizing a volunteer military company. On June 14, 1861, the company known as the Union Guard was duly organized and mustered into the State Service with Captain Crowninshield in command. On June 24, 1861, Captain Crowninshield filed with the County Judge a $ 500 penal Bond as security for the arms he had requested from the State. This company was never fully equipped, however, as a portion of the arms was lost during transportation to Weaverville when the barge carrying the equipment sank, in the Sacramento River. The lost arms were never recovered, although great effort was made to obtain them.

Incompleteness of the files prevents giving a full history of this company's activities. Many of the old members of the Union Guard left Weaverville, and Captain Crowninshield tried unsuccessfully to fill their places with new men. When it became apparent that the unit would be unable to keep its membership up to the required standard, the remaining members on July 26, 1862, voted to disband.

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Updated 8 February 2016