Unit papers on file at the California State Archives:
|Name||Date of Rank||Date of Commission|
|Lyman S. Scott, First Lieutenant||July 13, 1861||July 24, 1861|
|James Adams, Captain||November 18, 1862||December 5, 1862|
|Charles Wilson, First Lieutenant||November 18, 1862||December 5, 1862|
|Charles Wilson, Captain||January 3, 1865||February 8, 1865|
|S.J. Murphy, First Lieutenant||January 3, 1865||February 8, 1865|
|S.J. Murphy, Captain||April 18, 1866||August 22, 1866|
|J.E. Stirnaman, First Lieutenant||April 18, 1866||August 22, 1866|
|William F. Spencer, First Lieutenant||January 8, 1867||January 19, 1867|
|James Adams, Captain||July 8, 1871||August 7, 1871|
|John W. Powers, First Lieutenant||July 8, 1871||August 7, 1871|
At a meeting held at Volcano, Amador County, July 13, 1861, under the supervision of James M. Porter, a volunteer company of militia was organized known as the Volcano Blues with Captain Benjamin Ross as commander. Amador County was the location of one of California's richest gold fields, and the lure of quick wealth had drawn renegades from all parts of the State to Volcano. With the outbreak of the War of Rebellion, the Volcano Blues not only had the task of aiding the civic authorities in maintaining law and order among these people, but also suppressing any display by the Secessionists in Amador County.
There are no records of any unusual activities concerning this company other than participating in the company drills and brigade encampments. The Volcano Blues made splendid figures on the drill field attired in their uniforms of regulation caps with black trousers and dark blue blouses.
On May 1, 1868, it Was deemed advisable to materially reduce the existing military force for the following reasons: First, the interest of the State did not demand the maintenance of so large a force. Secondly, a number of companies were located far in the interior of the State where it was entirely unnecessary to keep up the organization. Thirdly, the Legislature had reduced the military tax from five cents to one and one quarter cents on the one hundred dollars of the taxable property in the State. Upon the recommendation of Adjutant General James M. Allen, brigadier General Howell, commanding the Fourth.-Brigade, mustered the Volcano Blues out of the service of the State May twenty-second of that year.*
In June 1871 serious disturbances occurred in Amador County. An association of miners was organized and conducted for the purpose of benevolence and for the promotion of kindly acts among its members. Finally, the association branched off and became a League for an advance of wages, for regulation of prices, for labor at the mines, and for the enforcement of mine conduct. These existing prices and the principles advocated by the miners association were obnoxious to the proprietors of the mines. The managers refused to accept the rules and regulations of the League which they declared were unreasonable. The League resolved that no work should be carried on except under the desired scale of-prices, and induced all men working in the mines to leave their jobs. The League marched to the mines and with threats of personal violence forced all who were disposed to work to leave their labor o Not satisfied with this act of open violence against law and order, the League demanded that the engineers operating the mines stop pumping water. The engineers through fear of personal violence abandoned their posts and the mines were left to accumulate water. The civil authorities failed to supply a proper remedy to meet the situation and a reign of terror began in Amador County. Armed men paraded the County. No man was permitted to labor and threats were made against all who attempted to work. Strangers arriving and accepting work were driven away, and not only property but life was placed in danger.**
This deplorable situation was finally brought to the attention of Governor Henry Haight. The Governor ordered two companies of militia to leave San Francisco for Amador County, for active service in the suppression of violence and maintaining law and order. The two San Francisco companies,the Sumner Light Guard, Company I, and National Guard, Company C, of the 1st Infantry Regiment found upon their arrival that they were unable to cope with the situation and asked for more help.
Upon the recommendation of Brigadier General Howell the old Volcano Blues were mustered back into the service of the State July 8, 1871, with Captain James Adams in command, and through the combined efforts of the militia companies by the first part of 1872 the condition in Amador County was peacefully settled, and. the Volcano Blues were again. mustered out of the State Service May 21,1872.
Although the Volcano Blues had long been disbanded, their loyal and distinguished service to the State and Amador County, had not been forgotten, for in 1934 a fountain was erected in Volcano to commemorate the memory of the Volcano Blues.
*Adjutant General Report, 1867-1869, pages 8, 14-15