Riots, Protests, and Other Civil Disturbances
Wheatland Riot, August 1913
 
National Guard camp at Wheatland School (Sacramento Bee)


On August 3, 1913, the Superior Judge of Yuba County wired the Governor that rioting had taken place that afternoon in the hop fields near the town of Wheatland. The judge stated that in a fight between Industrial Workers of the World hop pickers and peace officers of Yuba County, the district attorney, the Undersheriff and two rioters had been killed and the sheriff, the constable of Wheatland Township and several others had been wounded; that the rioters retained the ground and bodies of the killed and wounded and that further bloodshed and rioting were imminent.

Immediately upon receipt of this information and orders from the Governor, The Adjutant General sent 200 National Guardsmen to Wheatland, where they arrived at daylight on August 4th.

The troops promptly surrounded the rioters' camp, estimated to contain 2,000 people, and assisted the peace officers in serving warrants on the leaders and those persons charged with crime.

Although most of the persons in what had been the rioters' camp were gone within 24 hours following the arrests, the troops were not completely withdrawn from the area until August 9th, when the fears of the frightened citizens of Wheatland had subsided.

 

Official History
By Brigadier General Edwin A. Forbes, Adjutant General of California (1911-1915)

On August 3, 1913, the Superior Court Judge of Yuba County wired the Governor that serious rioting had taken place that afternoon in the hop fields near the town of Wheatland, that the Sheriff of Yuba County had been seriously and supposedly mortally wounded and the District Attorney and Undersheriff of Yuba County had been killed, two Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) had been killed, the Constable of Wheatland Township had been shot through the arm and several others wounded, in a fight between the IWW hop pickers and the peace officers of Yuba County, that the IWW retained the ground and bodies of the killed and wounded and that further bloodshed and rioting were imminent.
 
Immediately upon receipt of this information, and receiving orders from the Governor to send help to stop the rioting and restore order, Company F, 2nd Infantry Regiment (now the 184th Infantry Regiment), of Woodland, was ordered to Sacramento to join Companies E and G, 2nd Infantry Regiment and Troop B, 1st Squadron of Cavalry, and to proceed to Wheatland. Companies A and I, 2nd Infantry Regiment, were ordered to proceed by special train to Wheatland, there to meet at daylight.

Orders were carried out promptly end connections made as directed. There were approximately 200 National Guardsmen at Wheatland at daylight of August 4th. The rioters' camp was estimated to contain 2,000 people. The National Guard promptly surrounded the camp and assisted the peace officers in serving warrants upon the leaders and those rioters charged with crime.
 
Part of the camp was searched for dynamite, which we had bean informed was in possession of the rioters. Afterwards the National Guard began patrolling the IWW camp and established a
camp for the battalion. The rioters commenced to leave after the National Guard had been in Wheatland a short time and within twenty-four hours most of them were gone. A detail of soldiers escorted the peace officers with their prisoners to the Yuba County Jail in Marysville. The work of the National Guard could have been concluded then, but the citizens were so badly frightened because of the horrible actions of the rioters on August 3rd,. that they begged the Governor to leave the troops longer on duty for fear of further outbreak.

On August 5th, 100 soldiers left Wheatland and the remainder were ordered to leave as soon as conditions would permitted. On August 8th, orders were issued for all troops to leave Wheatland the following day.
 
Extracted from the 1940 History of the California compiled by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in conjunction with the California National Guard and the California State Library,
 
 
Additional History:
 
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheatland_hop_riot
 
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Updated 8 February 2016